We can assume there are basically two types of thinking
activity, effective and ineffective.
Ineffective Thinking is where a
person makes a determination to think about something, proceeds to do
so, goes round in circles, and there is no outcome. The thinking doesn't
clarify anything, doesn't raise questions, and causes no change or
strengthening to world view, belief, opinion, attitude, behaviour,
skill, understanding or knowledge.
Effective Thinking is where
there is an outcome. The thinking does make changes to world view,
belief, opinion, attitude, behaviour/s, skill/s, understanding/s and
If learning results in the same changes we can safely
assume that there is no learning without thinking.
Thinking is Central to Learning
Thinking is central to learning because learning is a
process where an individual modifies or strengthens world views,
beliefs, opinion, attitudes, behaviours, skills, understandings and
There is no learning without thinking.
The better the thinking, the better the learning.
The richer and deeper the thinking, the richer and deeper
If we are are
serious about empowering our students as learners then we must focus on
thinking. Empowering someone as a learner won't happen unless we empower
them as thinkers.
challenge to schools: Better Thinking equals Better Learning
We now have
many schools who are implementing programmes aimed at improving their
student's thinking. Many of these schools are also developing assessment
processes that show positive outcomes in improved student thinking. The
challenge is that if there is improvement in thinking there should also
be improvement in learning across the curriculum because learning and
thinking can't be separated. If there is no matching shift in learning
then we would have to challenge any data that indicates an improvement